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socket_accept> <use_soap_error_handler()
Last updated: Wed, 16 Mar 2005

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CXVI. Socket Functions

Úvod

The socket extension implements a low-level interface to the socket communication functions based on the popular BSD sockets, providing the possibility to act as a socket server as well as a client.

For a more generic client-side socket interface, see stream_socket_client(), stream_socket_server(), fsockopen(), and pfsockopen().

When using these functions, it is important to remember that while many of them have identical names to their C counterparts, they often have different declarations. Please be sure to read the descriptions to avoid confusion.

Those unfamiliar with socket programming can find a lot of useful material in the appropriate Unix man pages, and there is a great deal of tutorial information on socket programming in C on the web, much of which can be applied, with slight modifications, to socket programming in PHP. The Unix Socket FAQ might be a good start.

Požiadavky

�iadne extern� kni�nice nie s� potrebn� na vybudovanie tohto roz��renia.

Inštalácia

The socket functions described here are part of an extension to PHP which must be enabled at compile time by giving the --enable-sockets option to configure.

Poznámka: IPv6 Podpora bola pridan� s PHP 5.0.0.

Runtime Konfigurácia

Toto roz��renie nem� �iadne konfigura�n� direkt�vy definovan� v php.ini.

Typy zdrojov

Toto roz��renie nem� definovan� �iadne typy zdrojov.

Preddefinované Konštanty

Kon�tanty uveden� ni�ie s� definovan� t�mto roz��ren�m a bud� dostupn� iba ke� roz��renie bolo bu� kompilovan� do PHP alebo dynamicky na��tan� za behu (runtime).

AF_UNIX (integer)

AF_INET (integer)

AF_INET6 (integer)

SOCK_STREAM (integer)

SOCK_DGRAM (integer)

SOCK_RAW (integer)

SOCK_SEQPACKET (integer)

SOCK_RDM (integer)

MSG_OOB (integer)

MSG_WAITALL (integer)

MSG_PEEK (integer)

MSG_DONTROUTE (integer)

SO_DEBUG (integer)

SO_REUSEADDR (integer)

SO_KEEPALIVE (integer)

SO_DONTROUTE (integer)

SO_LINGER (integer)

SO_BROADCAST (integer)

SO_OOBINLINE (integer)

SO_SNDBUF (integer)

SO_RCVBUF (integer)

SO_SNDLOWAT (integer)

SO_RCVLOWAT (integer)

SO_SNDTIMEO (integer)

SO_RCVTIMEO (integer)

SO_TYPE (integer)

SO_ERROR (integer)

SOL_SOCKET (integer)

PHP_NORMAL_READ (integer)

PHP_BINARY_READ (integer)

SOL_TCP (integer)

SOL_UDP (integer)

Socket Errors

The socket extension was written to provide a usable interface to the powerful BSD sockets. Care has been taken that the functions work equally well on Win32 and Unix implementations. Almost all of the sockets functions may fail under certain conditions and therefore emit an E_WARNING message describing the error. Sometimes this doesn't happen to the desire of the developer. For example the function socket_read() may suddenly emit an E_WARNING message because the connection broke unexpectedly. It's common to suppress the warning with the @-operator and catch the error code within the application with the socket_last_error() function. You may call the socket_strerror() function with this error code to retrieve a string describing the error. See their description for more information.

Poznámka: The E_WARNING messages generated by the socket extension are in English though the retrieved error message will appear depending on the current locale (LC_MESSAGES):

Warning - socket_bind() unable to bind address [98]: Die Adresse wird bereits verwendet

Príklady

Príklad 1. Socket example: Simple TCP/IP server

This example shows a simple talkback server. Change the address and port variables to suit your setup and execute. You may then connect to the server with a command similar to: telnet 192.168.1.53 10000 (where the address and port match your setup). Anything you type will then be output on the server side, and echoed back to you. To disconnect, enter 'quit'.

#!/usr/local/bin/php -q
<?php
error_reporting
(E_ALL);

/* Allow the script to hang around waiting for connections. */
set_time_limit(0);

/* Turn on implicit output flushing so we see what we're getting
 * as it comes in. */
ob_implicit_flush();

$address = '192.168.1.53';
$port = 10000;

if ((
$sock = socket_create(AF_INET, SOCK_STREAM, SOL_TCP)) < 0) {
    echo
"socket_create() failed: reason: " . socket_strerror($sock) . "\n";
}

if ((
$ret = socket_bind($sock, $address, $port)) < 0) {
    echo
"socket_bind() failed: reason: " . socket_strerror($ret) . "\n";
}

if ((
$ret = socket_listen($sock, 5)) < 0) {
    echo
"socket_listen() failed: reason: " . socket_strerror($ret) . "\n";
}

do {
    if ((
$msgsock = socket_accept($sock)) < 0) {
        echo
"socket_accept() failed: reason: " . socket_strerror($msgsock) . "\n";
        break;
    }
   
/* Send instructions. */
   
$msg = "\nWelcome to the PHP Test Server. \n" .
       
"To quit, type 'quit'. To shut down the server type 'shutdown'.\n";
   
socket_write($msgsock, $msg, strlen($msg));

    do {
        if (
false === ($buf = socket_read($msgsock, 2048, PHP_NORMAL_READ))) {
            echo
"socket_read() failed: reason: " . socket_strerror($ret) . "\n";
            break
2;
        }
        if (!
$buf = trim($buf)) {
            continue;
        }
        if (
$buf == 'quit') {
            break;
        }
        if (
$buf == 'shutdown') {
           
socket_close($msgsock);
            break
2;
        }
       
$talkback = "PHP: You said '$buf'.\n";
       
socket_write($msgsock, $talkback, strlen($talkback));
        echo
"$buf\n";
    } while (
true);
   
socket_close($msgsock);
} while (
true);

socket_close($sock);
?>

Príklad 2. Socket example: Simple TCP/IP client

This example shows a simple, one-shot HTTP client. It simply connects to a page, submits a HEAD request, echoes the reply, and exits.

<?php
error_reporting
(E_ALL);

echo
"<h2>TCP/IP Connection</h2>\n";

/* Get the port for the WWW service. */
$service_port = getservbyname('www', 'tcp');

/* Get the IP address for the target host. */
$address = gethostbyname('www.example.com');

/* Create a TCP/IP socket. */
$socket = socket_create(AF_INET, SOCK_STREAM, SOL_TCP);
if (
$socket < 0) {
    echo
"socket_create() failed: reason: " . socket_strerror($socket) . "\n";
} else {
    echo
"OK.\n";
}

echo
"Attempting to connect to '$address' on port '$service_port'...";
$result = socket_connect($socket, $address, $service_port);
if (
$result < 0) {
    echo
"socket_connect() failed.\nReason: ($result) " . socket_strerror($result) . "\n";
} else {
    echo
"OK.\n";
}

$in = "HEAD / HTTP/1.1\r\n";
$in .= "Host: www.example.com\r\n";
$in .= "Connection: Close\r\n\r\n";
$out = '';

echo
"Sending HTTP HEAD request...";
socket_write($socket, $in, strlen($in));
echo
"OK.\n";

echo
"Reading response:\n\n";
while (
$out = socket_read($socket, 2048)) {
    echo
$out;
}

echo
"Closing socket...";
socket_close($socket);
echo
"OK.\n\n";
?>

Obsah
socket_accept -- Accepts a connection on a socket
socket_bind -- Binds a name to a socket
socket_clear_error -- Clears the error on the socket or the last error code
socket_close -- Closes a socket resource
socket_connect -- Initiates a connection on a socket
socket_create_listen -- Opens a socket on port to accept connections
socket_create_pair -- Creates a pair of indistinguishable sockets and stores them in an array
socket_create -- Create a socket (endpoint for communication)
socket_get_option -- Gets socket options for the socket
socket_getpeername --  Queries the remote side of the given socket which may either result in host/port or in a Unix filesystem path, dependent on its type
socket_getsockname --  Queries the local side of the given socket which may either result in host/port or in a Unix filesystem path, dependent on its type
socket_last_error -- Returns the last error on the socket
socket_listen -- Listens for a connection on a socket
socket_read -- Reads a maximum of length bytes from a socket
socket_recv -- Receives data from a connected socket
socket_recvfrom -- Receives data from a socket, connected or not
socket_select --  Runs the select() system call on the given arrays of sockets with a specified timeout
socket_send -- Sends data to a connected socket
socket_sendto -- Sends a message to a socket, whether it is connected or not
socket_set_block --  Sets blocking mode on a socket resource
socket_set_nonblock -- Sets nonblocking mode for file descriptor fd
socket_set_option -- Sets socket options for the socket
socket_shutdown -- Shuts down a socket for receiving, sending, or both
socket_strerror -- Return a string describing a socket error
socket_write -- Write to a socket


socket_accept> <use_soap_error_handler()
Last updated: Wed, 16 Mar 2005
 
add a note add a note User Contributed Notes
Socket Functions
roberto at spadim dot com dot br
11-Feb-2007 10:27
Wake on Lan , working ok without configurations, and some features

<?php
function wake_on_lan($mac,$addr=false,$port=7) {
   
//Usage
    //    $addr:
    //    You will send and broadcast tho this addres.
    //    Normaly you need to use the 255.255.255.255 adres, so i made it as default. So you don't need
    //    to do anything with this.
    //    Since 255.255.255.255 have permission denied problems you can use addr=false to get all broadcast address from ifconfig command
    //    addr can be array with broadcast IP values
    //    $mac:
    //    You will WAKE-UP this WOL-enabled computer, you need to add the MAC-addres here.
    //    Mac can be array too   
    //
    //Return
    //    TRUE:    When socked was created succesvolly and the message has been send.
    //    FALSE:    Something went wrong
    //
    //Example 1
    //    When the message has been send you will see the message "Done...."
    //    if ( wake_on_lan('00:00:00:00:00:00'))
    //        echo 'Done...';
    //    else
    //        echo 'Error while sending';
    //
   
if ($addr===false){
       
exec("ifconfig | grep Bcast | cut -d \":\" -f 3 | cut -d \" \" -f 1",$addr);
       
$addr=array_flip(array_flip($addr));
    }
    if(
is_array($addr)){
       
$last_ret=false;
        for (
$i=0;$i<count($ret);$i++)
            if (
$ret[$i]!==false)
               
$last_ret=wake_on_lan($mac,$ret[$i],$port);
        return(
$last_ret);
    }
    if (
is_array($mac)){
       
$ret=array();
        foreach(
$mac as $k=>v)
           
$ret[$k]=wake_on_lan($v,$addr,$port);
        return(
$ret);
    }
   
//Check if it's an real MAC-addres and split it into an array
   
$mac=strtoupper($mac);
    if (!
preg_match("/([A-F0-9]{1,2}[-:]){5}[A-F0-9]{1,2}/",$mac,$maccheck))
        return
false;
   
$addr_byte = preg_split("/[-:]/",$maccheck[0]);
 
   
//Creating hardware adress
   
$hw_addr = '';
    for (
$a=0; $a < 6; $a++)//Changing mac adres from HEXEDECIMAL to DECIMAL
       
$hw_addr .= chr(hexdec($addr_byte[$a]));
   
   
//Create package data
   
$msg = str_repeat(chr(255),6);
    for (
$a = 1; $a <= 16; $a++)
       
$msg .= $hw_addr;
   
//Sending data
   
if (function_exists('socket_create')){
       
//socket_create exists
       
$sock = socket_create(AF_INET, SOCK_DGRAM, SOL_UDP);    //Can create the socket
       
if ($sock){
           
$sock_data = socket_set_option($sock, SOL_SOCKET, SO_BROADCAST, 1); //Set
           
if ($sock_data){
               
$sock_data = socket_sendto($sock, $msg, strlen($msg), 0, $addr,$port); //Send data
               
if ($sock_data){
                   
socket_close($sock); //Close socket
                   
unset($sock);
                    return(
true);
                }
            }
        }
        @
socket_close($sock);
        unset(
$sock);
    }
   
$sock=fsockopen("udp://" . $addr, $port);
    if(
$sock){
       
$ret=fwrite($sock,$msg);
       
fclose($sock);
    }
    if(
$ret)
        return(
true);
    return(
false);   
}
?>
chabotc at xs4all dot nl
17-Dec-2006 01:01
For an implementation of a Socket Daemon framework that can handle both client and server sockets, async (non blocking) communication, which is flexible and easy to use see:

http://www.chabotc.nl/php/php-socket-daemon-library/
karadog at gmail dot com
01-Oct-2006 11:50
A simple HTTP request class using socket.

<?php
class HttpRequest
{
    var
$sHostAdd;
    var
$sUri;
    var
$iPort;
   
    var
$sRequestHeader;
   
    var
$sResponse;
   
    function
HttpRequest($sUrl)
    {
       
$sPatternUrlPart = '/http:\/\/([a-z-\.0-9]+)(:(\d+)){0,1}(.*)/i';
       
$arMatchUrlPart = array();
       
preg_match($sPatternUrlPart, $sUrl, $arMatchUrlPart);
       
       
$this->sHostAdd = gethostbyname($arMatchUrlPart[1]);
        if (empty(
$arMatchUrlPart[4]))
        {
           
$this->sUri = '/';
        }
        else
        {
           
$this->sUri = $arMatchUrlPart[4];
        }
        if (empty(
$arMatchUrlPart[3]))
        {
           
$this->iPort = 80;
        }
        else
        {
           
$this->iPort = $arMatchUrlPart[3];
        }
       
       
$this->addRequestHeader('Host: '.$arMatchUrlPart[1]);
       
$this->addRequestHeader('Connection: Close');
    }
   
    function
addRequestHeader($sHeader)
    {
       
$this->sRequestHeader .= trim($sHeader)."\r\n";
    }
   
    function
sendRequest($sMethod = 'GET', $sPostData = '')
    {
       
$sRequest = $sMethod." ".$this->sUri." HTTP/1.1\r\n";
       
$sRequest .= $this->sRequestHeader;
        if (
$sMethod == 'POST')
        {
           
$sRequest .= "Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded\r\n";
           
$sRequest .= "Content-Length: ".strlen($sPostData)."\r\n";
           
$sRequest .= "\r\n";
           
$sRequest .= $sPostData."\r\n";
        }
       
$sRequest .= "\r\n";
       
       
$sockHttp = socket_create(AF_INET, SOCK_STREAM, SOL_TCP);
        if (!
$sockHttp)
        {
            die(
'socket_create() failed!');
        }
       
       
$resSockHttp = socket_connect($sockHttp, $this->sHostAdd, $this->iPort);
        if (!
$resSockHttp)
        {
            die(
'socket_connect() failed!');
        }
       
       
socket_write($sockHttp, $sRequest, strlen($sRequest));
       
       
$this->sResponse = '';
        while (
$sRead = socket_read($sockHttp, 4096))
        {
           
$this->sResponse .= $sRead;
        }
       
       
socket_close($sockHttp);
    }
   
    function
getResponse()
    {
        return
$this->sResponse;
    }
   
    function
getResponseBody()
    {
       
$sPatternSeperate = '/\r\n\r\n/';
       
$arMatchResponsePart = preg_split($sPatternSeperate, $this->sResponse, 2);
        return
$arMatchResponsePart[1];
    }
}
?>
aeolianmeson at NOSPAM dot blitzeclipse dot com
30-May-2006 12:13
There is a fantastic book on this library called 'TCP/IP Sockets in C' (ISBN 1558608265), that covers all of the ins and outs, quirks, and everything else that goes on. It's written for C, of course, but it could have easily been written for PHP with almost no serious code differences.

Dustin
f.moisant
18-May-2006 05:41
This function to send Magic Packet works really !!!

/********/
<?php
function wake($ip, $mac, $port)
{
 
$nic = fsockopen("udp://" . $ip, $port);
  if(
$nic)
  {
   
$packet = "";
    for(
$i = 0; $i < 6; $i++)
      
$packet .= chr(0xFF);
    for(
$j = 0; $j < 16; $j++)
    {
      for(
$k = 0; $k < 6; $k++)
      {
       
$str = substr($mac, $k * 2, 2);
       
$dec = hexdec($str);
       
$packet .= chr($dec);
      }
    }
   
$ret = fwrite($nic, $packet);
   
fclose($nic);
    if(
$ret)
      return
true;
  }
  return
false;
}
?>

/********/

Executed with:
wake('123.123.123.123', '112233445566', 9);
goldemish at tiscali dot it
24-Apr-2006 06:52
Function to send Magic Packets for Wake on Wan (WOW) or Wake on Lan(WOL), without sockets library.

<?
function WakeOnLan($ip, $mac, $port)
{
        $packet = "";
        for($i = 0; $i < 6; $i++) $packet .= chr(0xFF);
        for($i = 0; $i < 6; $i++) $packet .= chr((int)substr($mac, $i, $i + 2));
        $nic = fsockopen("udp://" . $ip, $port));
        if($nic==false){
            return false;
            fclose($nic);
        }
        fwrite($nic, $packet);
        fclose($nic);
        return true;
}
?>
arplynn at gmail dot com
21-Jan-2006 12:19
If you want to use any complicated preexisting protocols, you may find the function pack (http://php.net/pack) useful.
bmatheny at mobocracy dot net
16-Sep-2005 06:31
A multicast server can be written badly as follows:

$bc_string = "Hello World!";
$sock = socket_create(AF_INET, SOCK_DGRAM, 0);
$opt_ret = socket_set_option($sock, 1, 6, TRUE);
$send_ret = socket_sendto($sock, $bc_string, strlen($bc_string), 0, '230.0.0.1', 4446);

Checking the return types is needed, but this does allow for you to multicast from php code.
philip at birk-jensen dot dk
22-Aug-2005 06:22
I've been using the ICMP Checksum calculation function written by Khaless [at] bigpond [dot] com. But when having an odd length of data, it failed, so I made my own instead, which adds a 0 if the data length is odd:
<?php
function icmpChecksum($data)
{
   
// Add a 0 to the end of the data, if it's an "odd length"
   
if (strlen($data)%2)
       
$data .= "\x00";
   
   
// Let PHP do all the dirty work
   
$bit = unpack('n*', $data);
   
$sum = array_sum($bit);
   
   
// Stolen from: Khaless [at] bigpond [dot] com
    // The code from the original ping program:
    //    sum = (sum >> 16) + (sum & 0xffff);    /* add hi 16 to low 16 */
    //    sum += (sum >> 16);            /* add carry */
    // which also works fine, but it seems to me that
    // Khaless will work on large data.
   
while ($sum>>16)
       
$sum = ($sum >> 16) + ($sum & 0xffff);
   
    return
pack('n*', ~$sum);
}
?>
m dot hoppe at hyperspeed dot de
02-Sep-2004 06:36
Very good step-by-step tutorial for a network daemon is here:
http://www.php-mag.net/itr/online_artikel [next]
[before] /psecom,id,484,nodeid,114.html

Sorry, I was forced to split this link. :-(
aidan at php dot net
18-Aug-2004 05:08
hexdump() is a fantastic function for "dumping" packets or binary output from servers. See the below link for more information.

http://aidanlister.com/repos/v/function.hexdump.php
Toppi at kacke dot de
18-Jun-2004 07:06
Here another socketclass which can handle the most importand things.
http://kacke.de/php_samples/source.php?f=socke.inc

Here a little Chatserver based on this class.
http://kacke.de/php_samples/source.php?f=pline.php

Maybe its helpful :)

Toppi
KnoB
11-Jun-2004 05:35
A little example that shows how to implement a simple multi-client iterative server (without forking). Launch the server and connect multiple telnet clients on it. It's a basic chat program.

#!/usr/bin/php -q
<?php
error_reporting
(E_ALL);

set_time_limit(0);
ob_implicit_flush();

$address = '127.0.0.1';
$port = 8888;

function
handle_client($allclient, $socket, $buf, $bytes) {
    foreach(
$allclient as $client) {
       
socket_write($client, "$socket wrote: $buf");
    }
}

if ((
$master = socket_create(AF_INET, SOCK_STREAM, SOL_TCP)) < 0) {
    echo
"socket_create() failed: reason: " . socket_strerror($master) . "\n";
}

socket_set_option($master, SOL_SOCKET,SO_REUSEADDR, 1);

if ((
$ret = socket_bind($master, $address, $port)) < 0) {
    echo
"socket_bind() failed: reason: " . socket_strerror($ret) . "\n";
}

if ((
$ret = socket_listen($master, 5)) < 0) {
    echo
"socket_listen() failed: reason: " . socket_strerror($ret) . "\n";
}

$read_sockets = array($master);

while (
true) {
   
$changed_sockets = $read_sockets;
   
$num_changed_sockets = socket_select($changed_sockets, $write = NULL, $except = NULL, NULL);
    foreach(
$changed_sockets as $socket) {
        if (
$socket == $master) {
            if ((
$client = socket_accept($master)) < 0) {
                echo
"socket_accept() failed: reason: " . socket_strerror($msgsock) . "\n";
                continue;
            } else {
               
array_push($read_sockets, $client);
            }
        } else {
           
$bytes = socket_recv($socket, $buffer, 2048, 0);
            if (
$bytes == 0) {
               
$index = array_search($socket, $read_sockets);
                unset(
$read_sockets[$index]);
               
socket_close($socket);
            } else {
               
$allclients = $read_sockets;
               
array_shift($allclients);    // remove master
               
handle_client($allclients, $socket, $buffer, $bytes);
            }
        }
       
    }
}

?>
noSanity
17-May-2004 07:40
I have searched long and hard for a ping script that does NOT use EXEC() or SYSTEM(). So far, I have found nothing, so I decided to write my own, which was a task to say the least.

First off, I would like to thank Khaless for their checksum function, converting it from C looked like a task in itself.

Here is the class I wrote
<?php

class Net_Ping
{
  var
$icmp_socket;
  var
$request;
  var
$request_len;
  var
$reply;
  var
$errstr;
  var
$time;
  var
$timer_start_time;
  function
Net_Ping()
  {
   
$this->icmp_socket = socket_create(AF_INET, SOCK_RAW, 1);
   
socket_set_block($this->icmp_socket);
  }
 
  function
ip_checksum($data)
  {
     for(
$i=0;$i<strlen($data);$i += 2)
     {
         if(
$data[$i+1]) $bits = unpack('n*',$data[$i].$data[$i+1]);
         else
$bits = unpack('C*',$data[$i]);
        
$sum += $bits[1];
     }
    
     while (
$sum>>16) $sum = ($sum & 0xffff) + ($sum >> 16);
    
$checksum = pack('n1',~$sum);
     return
$checksum;
  }

  function
start_time()
  {
   
$this->timer_start_time = microtime();
  }
 
  function
get_time($acc=2)
  {
   
// format start time
   
$start_time = explode (" ", $this->timer_start_time);
   
$start_time = $start_time[1] + $start_time[0];
   
// get and format end time
   
$end_time = explode (" ", microtime());
   
$end_time = $end_time[1] + $end_time[0];
    return
number_format ($end_time - $start_time, $acc);
  }

  function
Build_Packet()
  {
   
$data = "abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwabcdefghi"; // the actual test data
   
$type = "\x08"; // 8 echo message; 0 echo reply message
   
$code = "\x00"; // always 0 for this program
   
$chksm = "\x00\x00"; // generate checksum for icmp request
   
$id = "\x00\x00"; // we will have to work with this later
   
$sqn = "\x00\x00"; // we will have to work with this later

    // now we need to change the checksum to the real checksum
   
$chksm = $this->ip_checksum($type.$code.$chksm.$id.$sqn.$data);

   
// now lets build the actual icmp packet
   
$this->request = $type.$code.$chksm.$id.$sqn.$data;
   
$this->request_len = strlen($this->request);
  }
 
  function
Ping($dst_addr,$timeout=5,$percision=3)
  {
   
// lets catch dumb people
   
if ((int)$timeout <= 0) $timeout=5;
    if ((int)
$percision <= 0) $percision=3;
   
   
// set the timeout
   
socket_set_option($this->icmp_socket,
     
SOL_SOCKET// socket level
     
SO_RCVTIMEO, // timeout option
     
array(
      
"sec"=>$timeout, // Timeout in seconds
      
"usec"=>// I assume timeout in microseconds
      
)
      );

    if (
$dst_addr)
    {
      if (@
socket_connect($this->icmp_socket, $dst_addr, NULL))
      {
     
      } else {
       
$this->errstr = "Cannot connect to $dst_addr";
        return
FALSE;
      }
     
$this->Build_Packet();
     
$this->start_time();
     
socket_write($this->icmp_socket, $this->request, $this->request_len);
      if (@
socket_recv($this->icmp_socket, &$this->reply, 256, 0))
      {
       
$this->time = $this->get_time($percision);
        return
$this->time;
      } else {
       
$this->errstr = "Timed out";
        return
FALSE;
      }
    } else {
     
$this->errstr = "Destination address not specified";
      return
FALSE;
    }
  }
}

$ping = new Net_Ping;
$ping->ping("www.google.ca");

if (
$ping->time)
  echo
"Time: ".$ping->time;
else
  echo
$ping->errstr;

?>

Hope this saves some troubles.

noSanity
Khaless [at] bigpond [dot] com
18-Jan-2004 09:55
I spent a while trying to use SOCK_RAW to send ICMP request packets so i could ping. This however lead me to need the internet checksum written as a php function, which was a little hard because of the way PHP handles variable types. Anyway, to save others the effort heres what i came up with, this returns Checksum for $data

<?PHP
// Computes Internet Checksum for $data
// will return a 16-bit internet checksum for $data
function inetChecksum($data)
{
   
// 32-bit accumilator, 16 bits at a time, adds odd bit on at end
   
for($i=0;$i<strlen($data);$i += 2)
    {
        if(
$data[$i+1]) $bits = unpack('n*',$data[$i].$data[$i+1]);
        else
$bits = unpack('C*',$data[$i]);
       
$sum += $bits[1];
    }
   
   
// Fold 32-bit sum to 16 bits
   
while ($sum>>16) $sum = ($sum & 0xffff) + ($sum >> 16);
   
$checksum = pack('n1',~$sum);
    return
$checksum;
}
?>

And with this i was able to construct a correct PING Request.
murzik [at] pisem dot net
06-Oct-2003 04:32
>The function, that send the WakeOnLan (WOL, Magic packet) signal:

<?php
# Wake on LAN - (c) HotKey (at SPR dot AT), upgraded by Murzik <tomurzik@inbox.ru>

flush();

function
WakeOnLan($addr, $mac)
{
 
$addr_byte = explode(':', $mac);
 
$hw_addr = '';

 for (
$a=0; $a < 6; $a++) $hw_addr .= chr(hexdec($addr_byte[$a]));

 
$msg = chr(255).chr(255).chr(255).chr(255).chr(255).chr(255);

 for (
$a = 1; $a <= 16; $a++)    $msg .= $hw_addr;

 
// send it to the broadcast address using UDP
 // SQL_BROADCAST option isn't help!!
 
$s = socket_create(AF_INET, SOCK_DGRAM, SOL_UDP);
 if (
$s == false)
 {
  echo
"Error creating socket!\n";
  echo
"Error code is '".socket_last_error($s)."' - " . socket_strerror(socket_last_error($s));
 }
 else
 {
 
// setting a broadcast option to socket:
 
$opt_ret socket_set_option($s, 1, 6, TRUE);
  if(
$opt_ret < 0)
  {
   echo
"setsockopt() failed, error: " . strerror($opt_ret) . "\n";
  }
 
$e = socket_sendto($s, $msg, strlen($msg), 0, $addr, 2050);
 
socket_close($s);
  echo
"Magic Packet sent (".$e.") to ".$addr.", MAC=".$mac;
 }
}

#WakeOnLan('yourIPorDomain.dyndns.org', 'your:MAC:address');
#WakeOnLan('192.168.0.2', '00:30:84:2A:90:42');
#WakeOnLan('192.168.1.2', '00:05:1C:10:04:05');

//if you have switch or other routing devices in LAN, sendign to
// the local IP isn't helps! you need send to the broadcast address like this:
WakeOnLan('192.168.1.255', '00:05:1C:10:04:05');

?>
bart at mediawave dot nl
06-Jan-2003 03:42
Here is a good article on some of the differences between HTTP 1.0 and HTTP 1.1.

http://wireless.java.sun.com/midp/questions/chunking/
talmage at usi-rpg dot com
04-Jan-2003 12:02
I have spent the past two days ripping out hair trying to figure out how to prevent zombie processes w/the examples above and I just happend to find this in the manual for another lanuage, felt it neccassry to port it here.

--begin copy--
van[at]webfreshener[dot]com
11-Oct-2002 02:53
 
Forking your PHP daemon will cause it to zombie on exit.

...or so I've seen on:
FreeBSD (PHP4.2.x)
Debian (PHP4.3.0-dev)
Darwin (PHP4.3.0-dev)

This was tested with the example code above and other scripts created for evaluation.

Seems adding <b>--enable-sigchild</b> to your configure will get rid of the problem.

Hope that saves some hair tearing :]

--end copy--

Thanks vam@wenfreshener.com !!!!
saryon at unfix dot org
09-Jul-2002 09:42
I found this EXTREMELY useful link on the zend php
mailing list:

http://www.zend.com/lists/php-dev/200205/msg00286.html

It's about being able to use multiple connections
in a php socket server, WITHOUT having
to use those threads everyone seems to be
so very fond of.
works very well :)
(ps: i didn't make it, so....don't say thanks to me ;),
thank him)
daniel[at]lorch.cc
22-Feb-2002 09:32
"Beej's Guide to Network Programming" is an absolutely excellent and easy to understand tutorial to socket programming. It was written for C developers, but as the socket functions in PHP are (almost) analoguous, this should not be a problem.

http://www.ecst.csuchico.edu/~beej/guide/net/
davem at olsusa dot com
17-Feb-2002 06:27
Below is a simple forked daemon I wrote in PHP. I haven't seen one yet anywhere else, so I thought some people might be wondering how to do  it. Execute
with php -q <file>

<?PHP

/*

    PHP forked daemon
    Standalone PHP binary must be compiled with --enable-sockets and --enable-pcntl
    Dave M. -2002
        Online Services USA
*/

function sig_handler($signo) {

     switch(
$signo) {
         case
SIGTERM:
            
// handle shutdown tasks
            
exit;
             break;
         case
SIGHUP:
            
// handle restart tasks
            
break;
         case
SIGUSR1:
             print
"Caught SIGUSR1...\n";
             break;
         case
SIGCHLD:
             while(
pcntl_waitpid(-1,$status,WNOHANG)>0 ) {
             }
             break;
         case
SIGINT:
        exit;
         default:
            
// not implemented yet...
            
break;
     }

}

function
interact($sock) {

   
// Custom code goes here... e.g: socket_read() socket_write()...

}

function
become_daemon() {

   
$child = pcntl_fork();
    if(
$child) {
        exit;
// kill parent
   
}
   
posix_setsid(); // become session leader
   
chdir("/");
   
umask(0); // clear umask
   
return posix_getpid();

}

function
open_pid_file($file) {

    if(
file_exists($file)) {
       
$fp = fopen($file,"r");
       
$pid = fgets($fp,1024);
       
fclose($fp);
        if(
posix_kill($pid,0)) {
            print
"Server already running with PID: $pid\n";
            exit;
        }
        print
"Removing PID file for defunct server process $pid\n";
        if(!
unlink($file)) {
            print
"Cannot unlink PID file $file\n";
            exit;
        }
    }
    if(
$fp = fopen($file,"w")) {
        return
$fp;
    } else {
        print
"Unable to open PID file $file for writing...\n";
        exit;
    }
}

function
change_identity($uid,$gid) {
    global
$pid_file;
    if(!
posix_setgid($gid)) {
        print
"Unable to setgid to $gid!\n";
       
unlink($pid_file);
        exit;
    }   
    if(!
posix_setuid($uid)) {
        print
"Unable to setuid to $uid!\n";
       
unlink($pid_file);
        exit;
    }
   
   
}

error_reporting (4);

set_time_limit (0);

ob_implicit_flush ();

$pid_file = '/tmp/php_daemon.pid';

$underpriv_uid = '99'; // uid 99 == user nobody, at least on my system.
$underpriv_gid = '99';

$port = 10000;
$address = 0; // 0 binds to all addresses, may not work on fbsd

$quit = 0;

pcntl_signal(SIGCHLD, "sig_handler");
pcntl_signal(SIGTERM, "sig_handler");
pcntl_signal(SIGINT, "sig_handler");

$fh = open_pid_file($pid_file);

if ((
$sock = socket_create (AF_INET, SOCK_STREAM, 0)) < 0) {
    print
"socket_create() failed: reason: " . socket_strerror ($sock) . "\n";
}

if ((
$ret = socket_bind ($sock, $address, $port)) < 0) {
    print
"socket_bind() failed: reason: " . socket_strerror ($ret) . "\n";
}

if ((
$ret = socket_listen ($sock, 0)) < 0) {
    print
"socket_listen() failed: reason: " . socket_strerror ($ret) . "\n";
}

change_identity($underpriv_uid,$underpriv_gid);

print
"Server ready. Waiting for connections.....\n";

$pid = become_daemon();
fputs($fh,$pid);
fclose($fh);

while(!
$quit) {

    if ((
$connection = socket_accept($sock)) < 0) {
       
next;
    }
   
    if( (
$child = pcntl_fork()) == -1 ) {
        print 
"Could not fork!!\n";
        print
"Dying...\n";
       
$quit++;
    }
    elseif(
$child == 0) {
       
socket_close($sock);
       
interact($connection);
        exit;
    }
   
   
socket_close($connection);
   
}

if(
posix_getpid() == $pid) {
   
unlink($pid_file);
}
judeman at yahoo dot com
04-Jun-2001 10:49
After several hours of working with sockets in an attempt to do UDP broadcasting, I thought a little help was in order for anyone else looking to do something similar, since it uses a number of those "undocumented" functions.  Here's how I did it:

<?php
   
// here is a basic opening of the a socket.  AF_INET specifies the internet domain.  SOCK_DGRAM
// specifies the Datagram socket type the 0 specifies that I want to use the default protcol (which in this
// case is UDP)
   
$sock = socket(AF_INET, SOCK_DGRAM, 0);

   
// if the file handle assigned to socket is less than 0 then opening the socket failed
   
if($sock < 0)
    {
        echo
"socket() failed, error: " . strerror($sock) . "\n";
    }

   
// here's where I set the socket options, this is essential to allow broadcasting.  An earlier comment (as of
// June 4th, 2001) explains what the parameters are.  For my purposes (UDP broadcasting) I need to set
// the broadcast option at the socket level to true.  In C, this done using SOL_SOCKET as the level param
// (2) and SO_BROADCAST as the type param (3).  These may exist in PHP but I couldn't reference them 
// so I used the values that referencing these variables in C returns (namely 1 and 6 respectively).  This
// function is basically just a wrapper to the C  function so check out the C documentation for more info
   
$opt_ret = setsockopt($sock, 1, 6, TRUE);

   
// if the return value is less than one, an error occured setting the options
   
if($opt_ret < 0)
    {
        echo
"setsockopt() failed, error: " . strerror($opt_ret) . "\n";
    }

   
// finally I am ready to broad cast something.  The sendto function allows this without any
// connections (essential for broadcasting).  So, this function sends the contents of $broadcast_string to the
// general broadcast address (255.255.255.255) on port 4096.  The 0 (param 4) specifies no special
// options, you can read about the options with man sendto
   
$send_ret = sendto($sock, $broadcast_string, strlen($broadcast_string), 0, '255.255.255.255', 4096);

// if the return value is less than 0, an error has occured
   
if($send_ret < 0)
    {
    echo
"sendto() failed, error: " . strerror($send_ret) . "<BR>\n";            }
// be sure to close your socket when you're done
close($sock);

socket_accept> <use_soap_error_handler()
Last updated: Wed, 16 Mar 2005
 
 
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